弄假成真的伎倆

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vlcsnap-2013-12-24-00h52m36s102
圖為攻殼機動隊 Stand Alone Complex 2nd G.I.G. 中的角色久世英雄(圖片來自第二十集)。

 

主場報導「十件最不該的藝術」,說那十件是嚴選出來最挑戰人的作品。原以為有甚麼驚人作品,結果發現平平無奇(不是我重口味,連自殘的作品也沒有)。

杜象的《泉》雖被不少人講到低晒,入選十大尚可理解。Rauschenberg 擦掉 de Kooning 的畫作是經典,要不是這篇報導我還不知道有人會批評他「破壞財產」,不過單憑這個理由就位列十大,作者處於迪士尼的藝術世界吧?

而我向來討厭的 Damien Hirst,竟然憑 A Thousand Years 榜上有名(這可是 Hirst 極少數我覺得還算不錯的作品),理由/罪名是神奇的「虐待蒼蠅」。如果作品本身沒有電擊裝置,恐怕仍會有人投訴囚禁蒼蠅太不人道。

至於 Michael Landy 的 Break Down,是在倫敦設立臨時工場,由十二位工人拆散及銷毀他擁有的全部物品。整個過程為期兩周,所有物品編上號碼,像工廠生產線般流水作業。報導指「『展覽』結束後,一大堆垃圾既沒有展示,也沒有出售」雖是事實,也頗為誤導,像最終只有藝術家本人知曉似的。作品不在於物件本身,而是銷毀過程,並已經展示了給四萬多人觀看。那又何須再展示、出售被銷毀的東西呢?

比較名副其實的是 Guillermo Vargas 的 Exposicion No.1,報導如此介紹︰

藝術家 Guillermo Vargas 把一隻狗綁在畫廊中。可憐的狗背後牆壁上用狗餅砌成五個字:You Are What You Read。這隻狗後來飢餓致死。世人斥責藝術家害死了一條生命,藝術家卻反問「為何沒有人拿狗餅去餵牠?」

然而「這隻狗後來飢餓致死」之說甚為可疑,維基百科指相關照片無明確顯示在何時何地由誰拍攝,也沒有其他證據證明。根據衛報報導,畫廊方面表示該狗每天只被綁住三小時,並有餵(Vargas 買的)狗糧。

Art 21 的一篇文章 You Are What You Read 亦寫了這件作品。作者 David Yanez 自稱懂西班牙文,發現沒有任何 blog 或新聞確認那狗被餓死,而且所有資訊均來自一個由 Vargas 朋友開設的 blog El Perrito Vive,blog 名意思正是 “The Dog Lives”。

David Yanez 認為整件事屬於作品 Eres lo que lees(用狗糧砌的那句說話,意思是 "You are what you read”)的一部份,旨在透過互聯網提供錯誤資訊、操控媒體。他指出這顯示了我們何等容易去相信(某些人希望我們相信的)新聞,而假如一位藝術家尚且能如此操控近四百萬聯署人反對他參加洪都拉斯中美州雙年展,不難想像政府、企業和宗教團體做同樣事情的能力。(四百萬這數字來自作者,我找到兩個聯署分別有約 277 萬154 萬人。)

作品如此深刻地揭露我們的弱點,入選「十大不該作品」可算歪打正着。

最近 Vargas 發表新作 Axioma,並開一個 blog 每天上載一張照片直到二月哥斯達黎加選舉,主角是隻叫 Axioma 的狗。可是又有流言傳出指控他計劃記錄餓死這隻狗,那個 blog 因太大爭議而關閉,經調查後發現 Axioma 健康良好。Vargas 則形容,在這個人們缺乏資訊卻要發表意見的世界中,大眾對其作品的反應屬典型事例。

經常用面書的讀者,應該明白求證和質疑在社交(網絡)上是多麼討人厭。所以有圖就當真相(那怕圖片與內容無關)、勇於表達鮮於查證、甚至明知是流言也說「能使人警惕」等現象亦不足為奇了。

 

vlcsnap-2013-12-24-01h40m14s15
圖為上述動畫的主角巴特(圖片來自第二十二集,說這句對白的是另一主角草薙素子)。

 

 

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